16-09-2021 | 17:40 PM
UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA)
Context: There is discussion among member countries for the renewal of the mandate of the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), which expires on September 17.
• UNAMA was established on 28 March 2002 by United Nations Security Council Resolution 1401. It was basically established to assist the state and the people of Afghanistan in laying the foundations for sustainable peace and development.
• Its original mandate was to support the implementation of the Bonn Agreement of 2001.
• Reviewed annually, this mandate has been altered over time to reflect the needs of the country.
• UNAMA is an integrated mission, which means that all UN agencies, funds and programs, work in a multidimensional and integrated manner to better assist Afghanistan according to nationally defined priorities.
Key decisions of Bonn Agreement
• The United Nations and several other international actors played major roles in pushing the negotiations forward, and the Bonn Agreement was forwarded by the U.N. Security Council.
• Under this, the Emergency Loya Jirga (Grand Council) of 2002 established the transitional administration, a new Constitution was ratified in early 2004, and presidential and parliamentary elections were held in 2004 and 2005.