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GATE Exam: Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering

GATE 2025 Exam Date, Eligibility Criteria, Syllabus, Preparation Tips

GATE - Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering is an examination which is conducted for Master of Engineering (ME), Masters in Technology (MTech) and direct PhD admissions to Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), National Institutes of Technology (NITs), Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) and other institutes/universities across India. It also opens the gateway to booming public sector organisations (PSUs) and in the field of research. Some of the PSUs and research organizations which use GATE score for providing jobs include ONGC, NTPC, GAIL, HPCL, PGCIL, BHEL, BSNL, HPCL, NHPC, BARC, DRDO, etc.

GATE is an All-India examination administered and conducted in eight zones across the country by the GATE Committee comprising of faculty members from IISc, Bangalore and other seven IIT’s on behalf of the National Coordinating Board, Department of Education, Ministry of Human Resources Development.

The following table shows the organizing institutes in various years:

Year Organizing Institute
2024 IISc Bengaluru
2023 IIT Kanpur
2022 IIT Kharagpur
2021 IIT Bombay
2020 IIT Delhi
2019 IIT Madras
2018 IIT Guwahati
2017 IIT Roorkee
2016 IISc Bangalore
2015 IIT Kanpur
2014 IIT Kharagpur
2013 IIT Bombay
2012 IIT Delhi
2011 IIT Madras
2010 IIT Guwahati
2009 IIT Roorkee
2008 IISc Bangalore
2007 IIT Kanpur
2006 IIT Kharagpur
2005 IIT Bombay
2004 IIT Delhi
2003 IIT Madras
2002 IISc Banglore
2001 IIT Kanpur
2000 IIT Kharagpur
1999 IIT Bombay
1998 IIT Delhi
1997 IIT Madras
1996 IISc Banglore
1995 IIT Kanpur

The following candidates are eligible to appear in GATE:

  • A candidate who is currently studying in the 3rd or higher years of any undergraduate degree program OR has already completed any government approved degree program in Engineering / Technology / Architecture / Science / Commerce / Arts is eligible for appearing in the GATE exam.

Some of the Professional Societies/Institutions, which conduct examination in various fields of engineering, are as follows.

  • The Institution of Engineers (India) (IE)
  • The Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE)
  • The Institution of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers (IETE)
  • The Aeronautical Society of India (AeSI)
  • The Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers, including Polymer and Environmental Group (IIChemE)
  • The Indian Institute of Metals (IIM)
  • The Indian Institute of Industrial Engineers (IIIE)

However, the candidates who possess certification from any of the professional societies must ensure that those examinations conducted by the societies are approved by MoE/AICTE/UGC/UPSC as equivalent to B.E. / B.Tech. / B.Arch. / B.Planning, etc.

Candidates who have obtained / are pursuing their qualifying degree from countries other than India:

  • Must be currently in the 3rd or higher years or completed their Bachelor’s degree (duration: at least 3 years) in Engineering / Technology / Science / Arts / Commerce
Degree/Program Qualifying Degree/Examination Description of Eligible Candidates

B.E. / B.Tech. /


Bachelor’s degree in Engineering / Technology (4 years after 10+2 or 3 years after B.Sc. / Diploma in Engineering / Technology)

Currently in the 3rd year or higher grade or already completed

B. Arch

Bachelor’s degree of Architecture (5- year course) / Naval Architecture (4- year course) / Planning (4- year course)

Currently in the 3rd year or higher grade or already completed

B.Sc. (Research) / B.S.

Bachelor’s degree in Science (Post-Diploma/4 years after 10+2)

Currently in the 3rd year or higher grade or already completed

Pharm. D. (after 10+2)

6 years degree program, consisting of internship or residency training, during third year onwards

Currently in the 3rd/4th/5th/6th year or already completed


Degree holders of M.B.B.S. and those who are in the 5th/6th/7th semester or higher semester of such programme.

5th, 6th, 7th or higher semester or already completed

M. Sc. / M.A. / MCA or equivalent

Master’s degree in any branch of Arts/Science/Mathematics/Statistics/ Computer Applications or equivalent

Currently in the first year or higher or already Completed

Int. M.E./ M.Tech. (Post-B.Sc.)

Post-B.Sc Integrated Master’s degree programs in Engineering/

Technology (4-year program)

Currently in the 1st / 2nd/3rd/4th year or

already completed

Int. M.E./ M.Tech. or Dual Degree (after Diploma or 10+2)

Integrated Master’s degree program or Dual Degree program in Engineering/Technology (5-year program)

Currently in the 3rd /4th/5th year or already completed

B.Sc. / B.A. / B.Com.

Bachelor degree in any branch of Science / Arts / Commerce (3 years program)

Currently in the 3rd year or already


Int. M.Sc. / Int. B.S. / M.S.

Integrated M.Sc. or 5-year integrated B.S.-M.S. program

Currently in the 3rd year or higher or already



Professional Society Examinations (equivalent to B.E. / B.Tech. / B.Arch.)

B.E./B.Tech./B.Arch. equivalent examinations of Professional Societies, recognized by MoE/UPSC/AICTE (e.g. AMIE by Institution of Engineers-India, AMICE by the Institute of Civil Engineers-India and so on)

Completed Section A or equivalent of such professional courses

GATE 2023 will be conducted on 29 subjects (papers). A candidate is allowed to appear in ANY ONE or UP TO TWO papers of the GATE examination. However, note that the combination of TWO papers in which a candidate can appear MUST be from the pre-defined list.

Also, it must be noted that for a paper running in multiple sessions, a candidate will be mapped to appear for the examination in one of the sessions ONLY.


GATE Paper Code

Aerospace Engineering


Agricultural Engineering


Architecture and Planning


Bio-medical Engineering




Civil Engineering


Chemical Engineering


Computer Science and Information





Electronics and Communication



Electrical Engineering


Environmental Science &



Ecology and Evolution


Geology and Geophysics


Instrumentation Engineering




Mechanical Engineering


Mining Engineering


Metallurgical Engineering


Petroleum Engineering




Production and Industrial





Textile Engineering and

Fibre Science


Engineering Sciences


Humanities & Social Sciences


Life Sciences


Data Science & Artificial Intelligence (NEW)


All Test Papers of GATE 2023 will be entirely objective type. Pattern of questions may include:

  • Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
  • Multiple Select Questions (MSQ)
  • Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions

The questions in a paper may be designed to test the following abilities:

  1. Recall: These are based on facts, principles, formulae or laws in the discipline of the paper. The candidate is expected to be able to obtain the answer either from his/her memory of the subject or at most from a one-line computation.


Q. During machining, maximum heat is produced

(A) in flank face

(B) in rake face

(C) in shear zone

(D) due to friction between chip and tool

  1. Comprehension: These questions will test the candidate’s understanding of the basics of his/her field, by requiring him/her to draw simple conclusions from fundamental ideas.


Q. A DC motor requires a starter in order to

(A) develop a starting torque

(B) compensate for auxiliary field ampere turns

(C) limit armature current at starting

(D) provide regenerative braking

  1. Application:In these questions, the candidate is expected to apply his/her knowledge either through computation or by logical reasoning.


Q. The sequent depth ratio of a hydraulic jump in a rectangular channel is 16.48. The Froude number at the beginning of the jump is:

(A) 5.0

(B) 8.0

(C) 10.0

(D) 12.0

The above questions may be a mix of single standalone statement/phrase/data type questions, combination of option codes type questions or match items type questions.

  1. Analysis and Synthesis:In these questions, the candidate is presented with data, diagrams, images, etc. that require analysis before a question can be answered. A Synthesis question might require the candidate to compare two or more pieces of information. Questions in this category could, for example, involve candidates in recognizing unstated assumptions, or separating useful information from irrelevant information.



  1. Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)carrying 1 or 2 marks each, in all the papers and sections. These questions are objective in nature, and each will have choice of four answers, out of which ONLY ONE choice is correct.

Negative Marking for Wrong Answers: For a wrong answer chosen in a MCQ, there will be negative marking. For 1-mark MCQ, 1/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. Likewise, for 2-mark MCQ, 2/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer.


  1. Multiple Select Questions (MSQ)carrying 1 or 2 marks each in all the papers and sections. These questions are objective in nature, and each will have choice of four answers, out of which ONE or MORE than ONE choice(s) are correct.

Note: There is NO negative marking for a wrong answer in MSQ questions. However, there is NO partial credit for choosing partially correct combinations of choices or any single wrong choice.

  1. Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questionscarrying 1 or 2 marks each in most of the papers and sections. For these questions, the answer is a signed real number, which needs to be entered by the candidate using the virtual numeric keypad on the monitor (keyboard of the computer will be disabled). No choices will be shown for these types of questions. The answer can be a number such as 10 or -10 (an integer only). The answer may be in decimals as well, for example, 10.1 (one decimal) or 10.01 (two decimals) or -10.001 (three decimals). These questions will be mentioned with, up to which decimal places, the candidates need to present the answer. Also, for some NAT type problems an appropriate range will be considered while evaluating these questions so that the candidate is not unduly penalized due to the usual round-off errors. Candidates are advised to do the rounding off at the end of the calculation (not in between steps). Wherever required and possible, it is better to give NAT answer up to a maximum of three decimal places.

Example: If the wire diameter of a compressive helical spring is increased by 2%, the change in spring stiffness (in %) is _ (correct to two decimal places).

Note: There is NO negative marking for a wrong answer in NAT questions.

Also, there is NO partial credit in NAT questions.

GATE 2024 Exam Date

GATE Online Application Processing System

(GOAPS) Website Opens

 Last week of August 2023

Closing Date of REGULAR online

registration/ application portal

29th September 2023

End of Extended period for online

Registration / application (with late fee)

13th October 2023

Admit Card will be available in the Online

Application Portal (for printing)

3rd January 2024

Exam Schedule 03, 04 and 10, 11 February 2024  
3rd February 2024 | Saturday 9:30 AM - 12:30 PM PI
2:30 PM - 5:30 PM ME
4th February 2024 | Sunday 9:30 AM - 12:30 PM CE1, CH
2:30 PM - 5:30 PM CE2, IN
10th February 2024 | Saturday 9:30 AM - 12:30 PM CS1
2:30 PM - 5:30 PM CS2
11th February 2024 | Sunday 9:30 AM - 12:30 PM EC
2:30 PM - 5:30 PM EE

Announcement of the Results in the Online Application Portal

16th March 2024

  • Students can pursue M.Tech/M.S/ M.E/Ph.D. from IISc Bangalore, IITs, NITs, IIITs and other reputed institutes.
  • Students can pursue Post Graduate Diploma in Industrial Engineering (PGDIE), Post Graduate Diploma in Manufacturing Management (PGDMM), Post Graduate Diploma in Project Management (PGDPM) from NITIE Mumbai.
  • Several reputed Maharatna and Navratna PSUs and research organizations recruit on basis of GATE Score. i.e. IOCL, NTPC, BHEL, PGCIL, BARC, CSIR etc.
  • Teaching: Professor, Asst. Professor at IITs, NITs and other reputed educational institutes.
  • Junior Research Fellow: ISRO, DRDO, BARC, CSIR, IITs etc.
  • Senior Research Fellow: ISRO, DRDO, BARC, CSIR, IITs etc.
  • Junior/Senior Research Associates.
  • Scientists “C” grade jobs.
  • Lucrative opportunities in research & development after post-graduation.
  • Multinational firms shortlist candidates on the basis of GATE score.
  • Some international universities offer M.S or Ph.D. programs on the basis of GATE Score.

The Journey of a Thousand Miles begins with One Step at a Time”

Success is not dependent on the mode of preparation but rather on the intensity and dedication during the preparation.

Students have a common question “What should be our strategy to crack ESE/GATE exams?" To answer this question in the most simplified way, this article will act as a guiding light to strategize things for aspirants, which will be fruitful for young friends.

There are two categories of aspirants in any examination:

  1. Freshers, preparing first time for the competitive exams (Neophytes)
  2. Repeaters, who have already given one or more attempts (Rank Improvers)

Strategy for Fresher’s (Neophytes):

If you are fresher who is preparing first time then it is suggested that you adhere to the following approach for the preparation-

  • Define your aim and target the desired exam right from the beginning. You should examine closely the examination pattern, syllabus and the level of difficulty.
  • The first step for amateurs should be, to go through previous years’ question papers of the aimed exam and identify what type of questions are asked, like whether it is theoretical (then what subjects/which topics are mostly asked) or derivations or numerical type.
  • Keep one best reference book for each subject. You are not advised to read too many books for each subject; practically it is not possible in limited time frame.

The Study Plan:

Make an overall plan of your preparation; define immediate and ultimate goals you want to achieve during the preparation, then make a strategic roadmap to execute the plan in the most effective manner. Being an engineer, you should understand the importance of planning and execution of the plan.

Overall plan may be further divided in three stages:

1. Long-Term Plan:

Segregate the months for different subjects and optimize your plan so as to complete the entire syllabus in the dedicated time. In the current scenario of high scores, do not go for selective approach towards studies; it is advisable to cover the entire syllabus, because you never know “the topic left could be the topic of conquest.”

2. Mid-Term Plan:

For each and every subject, the approach should be exam oriented. One should get familiar with the subject and should know which area is to be focused like whether theory has to be focused or numerical or solving previous years’ questions will suffice. Every subject requires a very different approach. If you take mathematics as an example, you may be required to focus on practicing problems where as if theoretical Paper is taken into consideration then there an altogether different approach is required. Likewise, in all the technical subjects the approach differs from subject to subject depending on various factors.

If you are enrolled in an Online Course; then concentrate and study well during the sessions. Your notes should be complete and ready during the session itself, with simultaneous marking of the IMPORTANT concepts and formulae.

One point that you should always keep in mind is “Work for Yourself”; i.e. make notes for yourself in a manner which is comfortable for you. This will increase your writing efficiency in terms of speed, accuracy and hand writing and also helps in memory retention.

3. Short-Term Plan:

This is essential for effective time management. You should plan and freeze the study hours and abstain from using mobile phones, social media, what's app etc. during these hours. A separate time of 10 to 15 minutes is sufficient to plan schedule for the next day. This will help in removing redundant activities from your schedule and you will be able to make the best use of your time dedicated to study. I would also suggest to pre plan your area /subject /topic of your study for next day, it would help in activating senses of your mind to stimulate for study which helps in better memory retention.

Solving previous years’ questions of GATE (at least of last 10-15 years) should be done while referring to and updating the notes that you have made. Do not postpone it for later, finish the previous years' questions on priority basis for all the topics that is covered in the Online Session or studied on your own.

While solving questions, mark the questions which you were not able to solve. Refer the reference book for the clarity of concepts, and solve again. In front of the question write the Page Number and Name of the book referred and underline or highlight the concept. This above methodology is to be followed for all workbook and other materials also. After a few months while doing revision you should re-attempt these marked questions only and no need to solve other questions.

Need of a Revision Plan:

One has to make a habit of reading and revising simultaneously.

While studying a particular subject; one should devote 70-80% of self-study time in understanding the concepts of new subject and rest 20-30% of the time should be religiously devoted towards revision of already completed topics/subjects. Moreover, as you reach towards months closer to the exam, increase the time devoted to revision for proper retention of concepts till exam day.

While revising, make sure you do the following:

  • Review of class notes.
  • Revise underlined/ highlighted portion of text book.
  • Then attempt only the marked questions once more.
  • If time permits, then start with new set of questions.

The Magic of Make Micro notes:

  • After finishing every subject, you can also make micro notes, which comprises of only principal formulae/ diagrams/ concepts which are very important. Especially note down the areas in which you find difficulty to remember. Then take a snapshot and store that in your mobile gallery. These shall be your Digital Micro Notes, which can be accessible anywhere and everywhere even while travelling or free time.

Flow is Important:

  • Be vocal and discussion oriented with friends as well as seniors. Keep on clearing your doubt and don't allow them to accumulate as it may result in mental stress. Let your doubts/thoughts flow like a river which gets self-purified when it flows through its course. Also interact with successful seniors and fellow mates to know about their path of success/strategy.

Evaluate yourself:

  • Take tests in examination environment and analyze your performance and make note of areas of difficulty and make a roadmap to improve these before the next test.
  • Stay away from incompetent and non-achievers. Don’t let their failure demoralize you in any sense.

(II)  Strategy for Non-Freshers:

  • Reviewing your past performance and finding the reasons for failure is very important. You should consider failure as the next stepping stone towards your success. In fact, you have not failed your success is little postponed.
  • Identify the weak areas of each subject. You should start your preparation by first improving these areas.
  • Dedicate more time on solving different types of problems and that too from new sources during each attempt.
  • Plan your study to maintain consistency and self-motivation. Daily planner and subject wise scheduling are very important for a strategic preparation.
  • Join some good Test Series and take the tests with full preparation while staying in examination environment.

Important Tips:

  • Avoid reading too many books for the same topic. This will simply take away precious amount of time. To save time, try referring to material of coaching institute supplemented by the standard books.
  • Strengthen the key concepts of each subject. The questions are based on the basic concepts and they do not require much calculation. Cramming up the formulae won’t help until and unless you have a clear concept of the topic.
  • Focus on writing & presentation skills, theory, derivations & diagrams for subjective paper.
  • Solve all the previous 10 years questions thoroughly. In IES exam, a lot many questions are based on the concepts of previous year’s questions.

Rather than solving five questions on similar concepts. It is better to solve one question with five different methods. It gives knowledge about the shortest methods to be used.

S.No Name of IIT State Year of Establishment Website
1 IIT Kharagpur West Bengal 1951
2 IIT Bombay Maharashtra 1958
3 IIT Madras Tamil Nadu 1959
4 IIT Kanpur Uttar Pradesh 1959
5 IIT Delhi Delhi 1961
6 IIT Guwahati Assam 1994
7 IIT Roorkee Uttarakhand 2001
8 IIT Ropar Punjab 2008
9 IIT Bhubaneswar Odisha 2008
10 IIT Gandhinagar Gujarat 2008
11 IIT Hyderabad Telangana 2008
12 IIT Jodhpur Rajasthan 2008
13 IIT Patna Bihar 2008
14 IIT Indore Madhya Pradesh 2009
15 IIT Mandi Himachal Pradesh 2009
16 IIT (BHU) Varanasi Uttar Pradesh 2012
17 IIT Palakkad Kerala 2015
18 IIT Tirupati Andhra Pradesh 2015
19 IIT Dhanbad Jharkhand 2016
20 IIT Bhilai Chhattisgarh 2016
21 IIT Dharwad Karnataka 2016
22 IIT Jammu Jammu and Kashmir 2016
23 IIT Goa Goa 2016

S.No Name of IIT State Year of Establishment Website
1 NIT Allahabad Uttar Pradesh 2002
2 NIT Bhopal Madhya Pradesh 2002
3 NIT Nagpur Maharashtra 2002
4 NIT Durgapur West Bengal 2002
5 NIT Hamirpur Himachal Pradesh 2002
6 NIT Jaipur Rajasthan 2002
7 NIT Jalandhar Punjab 2002
8 NIT Jamshedpur Jharkhand 2002
9 NIT Kurukshetra Haryana 2002
10 NIT Calicut Kerala 2002
11 NIT Rourkela Odisha 2002
12 NIT Silchar Assam 2002
13 NIT Karnataka Karnataka 2002
14 NIT Warangal Telangana 2002
15 NIT Surat Gujarat 2002
16 NIT Tiruchirappalli Tamil Nadu 2002
17 NIT Srinagar Jammu and Kashmir 2003
18 NIT Patna Bihar 2004
19 NIT Raipur Chhattisgarh 2005
20 NIT Agartala Tripura 2006
21 NIT Arunachal Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh 2010
22 NIT Delhi Delhi 2010
23 NIT Goa Goa 2010
24 NIT Manipur Manipur 2010
25 NIT Meghalaya Meghalaya 2010
26 NIT Mizoram Mizoram 2010
27 NIT Nagaland Nagaland 2010
28 NIT Puducherry Puducherry 2010
29 NIT Sikkim Sikkim 2010
30 NIT Uttarakhand Uttarakhand 2010
31 NIT Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh 2015

S.No Name of IIIT State Year of Establishment Website
1 Atal Bihari Vajpayee Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management Madhya Pradesh 1997
2 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad Uttar Pradesh 1999
3 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Jabalpur Madhya Pradesh 2005
4 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Kancheepuram Tamil Nadu 2007
5 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Sri City Andhra Pradesh 2013
6 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Guwahati Assam 2013
7 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Vadodara Gujarat 2013
8 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Kota Rajasthan 2013
9 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Tiruchirappalli Tamil Nadu 2013
10 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Una Himachal Pradesh 2014
11 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Sonepat Haryana 2014
12 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Kalyani West Bengal 2014
13 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Lucknow Uttar Pradesh 2015
14 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Dharwad Karnataka 2015
15 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Kurnool Andhra Pradesh 2015
16 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Kottayam Kerala 2015!/home
17 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Manipur Manipur 2015
18 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Nagpur Maharashtra 2016
19 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Pune Maharashtra 2016
20 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Ranchi Jharkhand 2016
21 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Surat Gujarat 2017
22 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Bhopal Madhya Pradesh 2017
23 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Bhagalpur Bihar 2017
24 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Agartala Tripura 2018
25 Indian Institute of Information Technology, Raichur Karnataka 2019